If you are located in Canada then consider yourself lucky. The latest legalization of cannabis use and growing has made it easier to purchase sativa seeds for sale Canada. Because of this, it is certainly easier to grow any kind of recreational or medical seeds. Truly, this is the greatest thing that has ever happened to marijuana in the country for many years to come.
Green Relief says that cannabis has been around for thousands of years. However, there’s still uncertainty regarding which cannabis seeds are good for recreational use or about which types do what. Have you ever thought why some cannabis users experience complete body relaxation after taking cannabis while there are some people who feel mentally stimulated and uplifted after taking cannabis? The answer lies in the species of marijuana, cannabis sativa, and cannabis indica. Each one of these has unique characteristics and effects.
If you want to grow cannabis sativa strains…
Getting to know sativa strains is a must before growing any kind of strain. You must identify what a sativa is, what is the plant’s mature height, the ideal space to use to grow cannabis and the best growing environment you can provide.
Some distinguishing factors to identify different species of cannabis
Recent research was published regarding the deeper ways to differentiate cannabis indicas from sativas. When indica and sativa plants are mature these are harvested and manufactured before these reach customers. Dried cannabis buds are the most common method that people have used to consume cannabis. Dried buds are carefully preserved forms of cannabis and actually, there is no obvious difference between sativa and indica dried buds appearance. Still, some growers say that there is an obvious difference.
Sativa cannabis plants cannabis plants that have thin leaves and these characteristics will be passed on to the plant’s future generation. Characteristics are passed to the buds that produce seeds. Because of this, sativa buds look larger and denser than an indica strain. Sativa flowers will develop Sativa buds will also be airy and lighter than an indica, because when sativas flower, the buds usually form around the branch. You will also notice deep red or orange coloring on the flower. These are marks that sativas are known for.
Different strain names
Because indica is from the Hindu Kush mountains from the Middle East, a strain with “Kush” implies that it’s an indica. A combination of sativa genetics from different locations around the world has created new strains that have the name Haze. Aside from this, there are also very common and recognizable street names as well like OG Kush or Girl Scout Cookies. Still, there are new strains available and most of these already come with extraordinary names.
Medicinal effects of sativa strains
A strain’s name and physical characteristics might help you find out if you are growing an indica or a sativa but the best way to do it is to take note of the effects to be sure is to note its effects on your body as you consume the strain.
Indica strains are very relaxing and sedating. Commonly associated with a sleepy, relaxed feeling that starts behind the eyes. Indicas are widely regarded to provide amazing body effects, like the loosening of your limbs and muscles. These strains can be so relaxing that you will immediately fall asleep the minute you take the first exhale. This is the famous couch-lock term to describe the strain’s potent effects. Indicas are associated with what people experience as a “high.”
On the other hand, sativas are usually daytime strains because these have an energetic and uplifting effect which is the complete opposite of indica strains. Sativas strains are often used to initiate creativity, energy and improved focus. Other effects of sativa strains include laughter and improved ability to carry on a conversation. Due to the fact that these can help with creativity, cannabis sativa is very popular among creative minds like philosophers, artists, and musicians. Actually, it is not the indica or sativa produces these medicinal effects but its compounds called cannabinoids.
Cannabinoids in cannabis strains
Cannabinoids are what makes cannabis medicine. There are more than 100 cannabinoids produced by cannabis plants which have various effects on the body. This is because the body has natural sensors that are related to cannabis use. The body has an endocannabinoid system which is a series of receptors along the brain, organs, glands, and cells. These receptors produce cannabis-like substances that have therapeutic effects on pain, inflammation and many other processes. The two most commonly studied cannabinoids are THC and CBD.
THC or Delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol is the psychoactive component found in cannabis. It was shown to be an appetite stimulant and can help with nausea and vomiting. On the other hand, CBD or cannabidiol is a cannabinoid that has a very little psychoactive effect. It balances the ‘high’ caused by THC and thus making potent cannabis strains more tolerable.
Indica and sativa cannabis plants have THC, CBD and other cannabinoids in different levels. Indica strains are also more psychoactive and have a higher THC while sativa strains have a higher CBD, therefore, you don’t really feel a “high” which is why the effects are more functional.
Cannabis hybrid strains
Different growing conditions can give cannabis sativa and other subspecies different effects. Even cannabis with the same strain can also have varying effects for every person or user. These are due to the cannabinoid content in cannabis. Different growing conditions and methods will change the percentages of THC, CBD, and other cannabinoids. Milder strains come with less than 10 percent THC and others have more than 20 percent THC and even higher. This is possible in both indica and sativa strains. The difference between sativa and indica is still being changed because of the blending of both strains to create hybrid cannabis strains.
Hybrids: Best of Indica & Sativa
Like male and female animals, there are male and female cannabis plants which pollinate together to create young animals like seeds. These seeds can be used to grow new generations of animals with features and characteristics similar to each of the parent plant. Most of the time, hybrid strains can be bred to create the best qualities of indica and sativa. For instance, an OG Kush which has potent relaxing effects like an indica while also possessing uplifting effects that it has inherited from its sativa lineage.
There are three different types of hybrids
Hybrids can have varying percentages of indica and sativa strains. Sometimes a strain could be indica dominant because it possesses high indica percentage than sativa and vice versa. Sativa-dominant: These hybrids usually offer a stimulating head high that pairs well with a relaxing body feeling, typically used to relax and unwind mentally and physically.
Balanced hybrids have an even, 50/50 balance of sativa and indica, you have the all-over effect that will help your mind and body relax. Sativa dominant strains have strong body high and a sedated feeling, but with a mild mental effect that won’t necessarily put you to sleep on the first exhale. And of course, the benefits and effects vary according to the strain and each user’s biochemistry.
Hybrids in Medical Cannabis
All strains grown by licensed cannabis producers for medical purposes are hybrids. You will never be able to find a strain that is truly 100 percent indica or sativa. This is because most of the cannabis used will be for medicine. Having a large supply for your medicinal and therapeutic effects is very important. In some places you ma create medicinal strains or have By carefully creating your own strains in a controlled growing environment.
Which also means that the classification system of indica and sativa is far from what it used to be.
With hybrids, a sativa strain could produce similar body effects to an indica, and an indica could energize someone mentally similar to a traditional sativa.
Which is why more research is coming out to imply that what you should pay attention to when choosing cannabis strains are cannabinoids and terpenoids.
“Wait, what are terpenoids?” you might be asking yourself. We’ve got you covered — just read on to Chapter 4.
Indica and Sativa: Smell and Taste
Ever seen a strain with “Diesel” or “Cheese” in its name?
Certain cannabis strains can smell like diesel fuel or like cheese, and this is sometimes reflected in their street names. Other strains, however, can smell completely different from citrus and fruit notes.
Initially, it was thought that indica-dominant strains were the ones that had sweet, fruity flavors such as blueberry, grape, and mango. On the flip side, sativa-dominant strains were usually associated with earthy and piney aromas.
But now with more awareness of terpenes, combined with a sheer number of hybrid strains that exist around the world, there’s a wide range of flavors and smells that any strain could have — regardless of whether it’s an indica or sativa.