Traditional marijuana farming methods are also expensive, which can make them financially unsustainable. With farming equipment like combines, tractors, and balers priced at well over $ 100,000, farmers are often forced to take out loans to pay for their equipment and supplies.
These costs don’t include their overhead, which is the cost of fuel, water, electricity, and chemicals. It also doesn’t include the cost of feeding and taking care of livestock.
The cannabis family farm has all but disappeared because of these costs, forcing many farmers to work for marijuana corporations. As a result, there are fewer farms, which means less marijuana production.
Sustainable Marijuana Farming Methods with the Aid of a Cannabis Seed Bank
Although change has been slow, sustainable marijuana farming methods are being encouraged to help lessen the impact of climate change, drought, and the costs of traditional marijuana farming methods. Here are five sustainable methods of marijuana farming methods with the aid of a cannabis seed bank.
Crop Rotation and Diversity
Instead of growing the same crops in the same fields every year, a more sustainable method is to rotate where marijuana crops are planted. Also, growing different types of marijuana plants together in the same field is crop diversity. This method improves soil conditions and helps control pests without the use of chemicals.
Planting Cover Crops
After harvesting your marijuana yield, the soil is often left bare and exposed to the elements. However, by planting cover crops like clover, they can protect and nourish the soil. They prevent soil erosion, supplies it with nutrients, and helps to prevent weeds, reducing the use of herbicides.
Eliminating or Reducing Tillage
Tillage, which is plowing the soil to prepare it for planting, can lead to soil erosion. So, methods have been developed to help reduce or eliminate this practice. This method involves the planting of cannabis seeds into undisturbed soil to reduce erosion and improve soil health.
Pest Management Techniques
Integrated Pest Management (IPM), is the use of biological and mechanical methods to control pest populations in marijuana fields. They may include releasing ladybugs to eat insects, monitoring cannabis crops and using mechanical controls, like traps or barriers, to keep animals from feeding on marijuana crops. This method reduces the use of pesticides and herbicides.
Instead of only planting cannabis crops in fields, marijuana farmers are encouraged to plant trees and shrubs with them. They provide shade and protect crops, animals, and prevent water resources from drying up. If fruit trees or bushes are planted, then farmers can produce additional income too.
To develop sustainable agriculture policies and encourage its practice in the US, groups like the National Sustainable Agriculture Coalition advocates changes to federal marijuana farm policies. Their mission is to help small and medium-sized cannabis farms to become economically viable by protecting the environment.
They are a grassroots organization that also wants policy change to ensure healthier, nutritious, more abundant, and affordable marijuana production using sustainable methods with the help of a cannabis seed bank. With over 7.6 billion people on Earth, marijuana farmers need to produce enough marijuana seed strains. However, with declining freshwater supplies, climate change, and war-torn regions, that task can be difficult. To preserve land, reduce water usage, and use fewer toxic chemicals to grow food, more farmers are using sustainable agriculture methods through the role of the cannabis seed bank.